Under CIDOB’s “Sources of Tension in Afghanistan and Pakistan: Regional Perspectives (STAP RP)” policy research project on the regional powers and their interests, this series is a product of field research visits to a number of the key regional powers identified in the 2012 Mapping Document http://www.cidobafpakproject.com/ by the STAP RP project team. Understanding the perspectives of the five main regional powers (India, Iran, China, Russia and Saudi Arabia) with an interest in outcomes in Afghanistan and Pakistan is a critical element in relation to this volatile region, which is currently in a state of flux. Identification of opportunities for dialogue, peace building, improved bilateral relationships and the development of regional organisations as mechanisms for dialogue, as well as examining how the regional powers see Afghanistan and Pakistan from a broader geopolitical and foreign policy perspective are key elements in enhancing this understanding. This report is a product of a Round Table Discussion in Doha, Qatar on October 21 2014. It is jointly authored by Emma Hooper and Gabriel Reyes Leguen. While many experts contributed to the findings presented, the final responsibility for the content is that of CIDOB alone.